Lesson 9: Globalization & the Environment

Please read  "Trade, Development & Sustainability", Parts 6-7

1. Name at least three forms of natural opportunity other than sites on the earth’s surface.

2. How do polluters infringe on the rights of others?

3. Explain why polluting the atmosphere with greenhouse gases amounts to the monopolization of a natural opportunity.

4. For international trade to properly incorporate a non-coercive environmental policy, what must be done first?

5. In a truly free market,

a. less-developed nations would be particularly vulnerable.
b. no burdens would be imposed, even indirectly, without compensation.
c. environmental protection would depend individual consumers' choices.
d. all government revenue would be voluntary given.

6. Why have market-based pollution charges not yet been widely implemented?

7. What are some of the economic costs associated with pollution?

8. What is the difference between a “carbon tax” and a charge for the pollution that comes from burning fossil fuels?

9. What are three ways in which the costs of pollution can be assessed?

10. What is the essential nature of national boundaries? p> 11. Why did the business community recognize the essential nature of national boundaries more readily than other segments of society?

12. What was the economic imperative for the logging roads built which opened remote rainforests to the bushmeat trade?

13. Why were the regulations imposed by the World Bank ineffective in stopping the bushmeat trade?

14. Based on the excerpt shown from the US Tariff Schedule, comment on the role of special-interest politics in trade policy.